Poetic Meters of Afghan Persian Folk Couplets


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  • Shafiqullah Khurasani Assistant Professor, Persian language and Literature Department, Nangarhar University, Afghanistan
  • Faheem Naeemi Assistant Professor, Persian language and Literature Department, Nangarhar University, Afghanistan


Folk couplets, Afghanistan, The prosody of couplets, Syllable, Metre, Rhythm


Folk couplets are considered to be one of the most important parts of our oral literature, which were formed over many centuries among the people of Khorasan, and were passed down orally from generation to generation. For the reason that the composers of the couplets were common people; in terms of prosody, there are many differences in these couplets. Scrutinizing this point can help us in understanding these folkloric couplets and future research in this field. The purpose of research in the field of vernacular couplets is to clarify the quality and prosody of vernacular couplets in the Persian language in Afghanistan. In this study, firstly, the issue of short initial vowel tension: inflectional v, and added fraction in the Persian dialect of Afghanistan is discussed and then the different rhythms of these folk couplets such as couplet scale, prosody of quatrain, and scale 0f syllable, were comprehensively investigated. And with we have shown it by example. For this purpose, the couplets that had been written, are collected by the field research method and books. Thus, songs of the kosher (Asadullah Shour)‎, Tajik couplets (Enayatullah Shahrani), Sangardi hai Panjshir (Nilab Rahimi), folk couplets of the people of Ghor (Nabi Saqi) and Couplets of the people of Hazara (Mohammad Jawad Khavari) have been analysed.


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Published on: 2022-12-15

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How to Cite

Khurasani, S., & Naeemi, F. (2022). Poetic Meters of Afghan Persian Folk Couplets. Sprin Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, 1(11), 37–51. https://doi.org/10.55559/sjahss.v1i11.67