FAKE NEWS & HATE SPEECH: A Colloquium Report


  • Stanley Naribo Ngoa Professor of Communication Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN), Abuja Nigeria https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7483-9800


Nigeria, Politics, Religion, Ethnicity, Fake news & Hate speech


Nigeria, the proverbial giant of Africa, has in recent times, been beset with the politics of paternalism which has translated into heightened consciousness in ethnic nationalism and extremist immoderation, all too manifest in the now very dominant paradigm of fake news and hate speech. Amidst this threatening state of confusion, the nation-state witnesses its highest level of polarization among the citizenry and records a harvest of kidnappings, abductions, raping and ritual killings, all of which the government blames on fake news and hate speech. 

As part of its contribution in the attempt to mitigate and possibly proffer a solution to the twin monsters of fake news and hate speech, the Olusegun Obasanjo Centre for African Studies (OOCAS) at the National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN) Abuja organized a one-day Colloquium on Fake News and Hate Speech. This report, therefore, is a descriptive analysis that highlights the culture of impunity with which political elites incite and polarize the citizenry, especially on the contentious issues of religion and ethnicity.

The paper applies the critical discourse analysis approach to evaluate the colloquium proceedings - the views, positions and propositions of discussants/participants and the ensuing communiqué that fake news and hate speech are largely products of mainstream and social media; with governments and political elites as the main culprits who exploit the volatile issues of religion, politics and ethnicity to polarize and incite.

The paper concludes with nine communiqué recommendations including, that the mass media, especially the mainstream media, should invest more in the practice of investigative journalism and Nigeria’s governments, in general, should provide good governance, equity and justice to the citizenry; that, participants and discussants believe will curb the menace of fake news and hate speech.


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Published On: 2022-04-15

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How to Cite

Ngoa , S. N. (2022). FAKE NEWS & HATE SPEECH: A Colloquium Report. Sprin Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, 1(04), 192–205. https://doi.org/10.55559/sjahss.v1i04.18