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  • LISSA NDENGO Ruware Primary School, P.O. BOX 758 Marondera, Zimbabwe
  • Bukaliya Richard Zimbabwe Open University, Mashonaland East Regional Campus Department of Teacher Development, P.O. BOX 758 Marondera, Zimbabwe


Proliferation, Unregistered ECD Centres, District


The study investigated the proliferation of unlicensed ECD (Early Childhood Development) Centres in Marondera Urban Ward 4. A sample of ten unlicensed ECD operators was drawn from a population of forty unlicensed ECD operators. The study was prompted by the high proliferation rate of the unlicensed ECD Centres in Marondera Urban Ward 4 for the past five years. Self-administered questionnaires were used to collect data from the unlicensed ECD operators. Interviews were used to collect data from Marondera Urban Ward 4 councillors and Ministry of Primary and Secondary Education (MoPSE) officer at Marondera MoPSE provincial offices. The data was analysed and presented in tables, charts and narratives. The results show that the councillor and the MoPSE were aware of the problem of the proliferation of unlicensed ECD Centres in Marondera Ward 4. The findings ECD business was dominated by women in Zimbabwe and no wonder why women were running the majority of unlicensed ECD Centres in Marondera Urban Ward 4. Women are perceived as the gender that was afraid to commit offences or crimes, but results show that they were bold to commit offences. Due to the harsh economic environment in Zimbabwe, women and men were alike in committing offences to provide for their families and survivors. Operating unlicensed ECD Centres was operating an informal business. The economic environment, personal motivation, the ease with which the ECD Centres could be established, and the relaxation of law enforcement agents were the main drivers of the proliferation of ECD centres in Marondera Urban. The study recommended that MoPSE and other stakeholders in the registration of ECD centres should amend the current ECD Centre registration policy and procedures to suit the current economic environment without compromising the health and safety of the ECD pupils. The government should give incentives to registered ECD Centres that may motivate unlicensed ECD operators to get licensed. The MoPSE and local authorities should involve ECD operators when formulating policies.


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Published on: 2022-03-31

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NDENGO, L., & Richard, B. (2022). FACTORS INFLUENCING THE PROLIFERATION OF UNREGISTERED EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT CENTRES IN MARONDERA URBAN DISTRICT, MASHONALAND EAST PROVINCE, ZIMBABWE. Sprin Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, 1(03), 156–171. https://doi.org/10.55559/sjahss.v1i03.15