Effects of exercise training on blood circulation system


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  • Freshta Samandari Malik Zada Assistant professor, Biology Department, Natural Sciences Faculty, Kabul Education University, Afghanistan
  • Khorshid Naseri Senior Teaching Assistant, Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Kabul Education University, Afghanistan
  • Mohammad Rasool Zalmai Associate Professor, Physical Education and Sports Science Faculty, Kabul Education University, Afghanistan


Exercise, blood circulation, neovascularization, physiological


Background: Numerous studies have examined how exercise training affects the blood circulation system and have shown that it can prevent or lessen the harmful effects of a number of pathological conditions, including osteoporosis, diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension, coronary artery disease, atherosclerosis, Parkinson's disease, and Alzheimer's disease. It is well established that exercise training alters the autonomic nervous system by raising parasympathetic tone and decreasing sympathetic activity. In both normotensive and hypertensive people, these changes are correlated with lower blood pressure and heart rates.

Methods: Studies have focused on identifying the fundamental processes by which physical activity causes bradycardia and lowers blood pressure. emphasizing the need for further research to elucidate these mechanisms. Research has utilized data from both animal models and human studies to investigate the effects of exercise on the cardiovascular system, aiming to shed light on the physiological and molecular changes induced by exercise training on the blood circulation system.

Goals: The primary goal of the research is to explore how exercise training impacts the cardiovascular system, particularly in terms of reducing sympathetic activity, increasing parasympathetic tonus, and improving cardiovascular health to prevent or mitigate various pathological conditions. Understanding the mechanisms underlying the cardiovascular benefits of exercise is crucial for developing effective strategies to enhance cardiovascular function and overall health through physical activity.

Findings: The findings from the research underscore the significant positive effects of exercise training on the blood circulation system, highlighting its role in promoting beneficial health outcomes and reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases and other related conditions. The studies reviewed demonstrate that exercise training leads to physiological and molecular changes that contribute to improved cardiovascular function, emphasizing the importance of regular physical activity for cardiovascular health and overall well-being.


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Published on: 2024-05-23

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How to Cite

Zada, F. S. M., Naseri, K., & Zalmai, M. R. (2024). Effects of exercise training on blood circulation system. Sprin Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, 3(5), 87–90. https://doi.org/10.55559/sjahss.v3i5.326