Security-Development Nexus: A Review of Ethiopia’s Security Challenges since 2018


  • Megersa Tolera PhD candidate in Peace and Development Studies, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia


Security, development, security challenges, security-development nexus


This paper reviews the security challenges that Ethiopia has faced since 2018 and analyzes the relationship between security and development in the country. The various security challenges, such as political instability, ethnic conflicts, terrorism, economic challenges, and natural disasters, have had a negative impact on Ethiopia's economic growth, poverty reduction, and access to basic services. The paper also discusses the strategies and initiatives that Ethiopia has implemented to address these challenges and promote sustainable development. Additionally, the paper identifies opportunities for enhancing security and promoting development in Ethiopia, including measures to address ethnic tensions promotes economic growth and reduces poverty, enhance disaster preparedness and response, strengthen democratic governance, and support regional integration. The paper concludes that addressing Ethiopia's security challenges requires a comprehensive approach that considers the underlying root causes of insecurity while promoting sustainable development.


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Published On: 2023-09-27

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How to Cite

Tolera, M. (2023). Security-Development Nexus: A Review of Ethiopia’s Security Challenges since 2018. Sprin Multidisciplinary Journal in Pashto, Persian & English, 1(01), 40–47.



Review Article