Security-Development Nexus: A Review of Ethiopia’s Security Challenges since 2018
Keywords:Security, development, security challenges, security-development nexus
This paper reviews the security challenges that Ethiopia has faced since 2018 and analyzes the relationship between security and development in the country. The various security challenges, such as political instability, ethnic conflicts, terrorism, economic challenges, and natural disasters, have had a negative impact on Ethiopia's economic growth, poverty reduction, and access to basic services. The paper also discusses the strategies and initiatives that Ethiopia has implemented to address these challenges and promote sustainable development. Additionally, the paper identifies opportunities for enhancing security and promoting development in Ethiopia, including measures to address ethnic tensions promotes economic growth and reduces poverty, enhance disaster preparedness and response, strengthen democratic governance, and support regional integration. The paper concludes that addressing Ethiopia's security challenges requires a comprehensive approach that considers the underlying root causes of insecurity while promoting sustainable development.
Abdullahi, S, A. 2017. ‘Fulani Herdsmen, Crime and the Human Security Problem in Nigeria’. In Borderless WAr: Terrorism And Security in AfricA, edited by N. Ndukaeze, F. Attoh, and W. Adisa.
Ethiopian security crackdown in Oromia region will likely spread violent protests, targeting road cargo and commercial property. (2018b, March 14). https://www.spglobal.com/marketintelligence/en/mi/country-industry-forecasting.html?id=10659123054
Yibeltal, B. K. (2023, April 10). Ethiopia’s Amhara region hit by protests over move to dissolve regional forces. BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-65194146
Berihun, D. (2017). Ethnic Conflict and State Fragility in Ethiopia. Journal of Social Sciences, 3(4), 70-80.
Klobucista, C. (2022, December 7). Al-Shabaab. Council on Foreign Relations. https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/al-shabab
Klobucista, C. (2020, November 4). Ethiopia: East Africa’s emerging giant. Council on Foreign Relations. https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/ethiopia-east-africas-emerging-giant
Duffield, M. R. (2014). Challenging environments: Danger, resilience and the aid industry. Zed Books
Gebrekidan, B. (2019). Political Instability in Ethiopia: Causes and Prospects. Ethiopian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 15(2), 59-79.
Human Rights Watch. (2021). Ethiopia: Events of 2020. Retrieved from https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2021/country-chapters/ethiopia
AFRICA.BOU. (n.d.-b). https://www.hrw.org/reports/1990/WR90/AFRICA.BOU.htm#P8_0
Kassahun, B. (2021). Security-Development Nexus: A Review of Ethiopia's Security Challenges since 2018. Ethiopian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 17(1), 85-104.
Mekonnen, A. (2018). Climate Change, Natural Disasters, and Human Security in Ethiopia: A Review. Journal of Human Security Studies, 7(1), 1-16.
Tadesse, H. (2019). The Politics of Border Dispute Resolution in Ethiopia: The Case of Ethiopia-Eritrea Border Dispute. Journal of Borderlands Studies, 34(1), 93-107.
Tekle, G. T. (2019). Terrorism in Ethiopia: The Case of Al-Shabaab. Ethiopian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 15(2), 103-120.
Fick, M., & Miriri, D. (2021, December 16). A year of war in Ethiopia batters investors and citizens. Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/markets/europe/year-war-ethiopia-batters-investors-citizens-2021-12-16/
The Conversation. (2020). The crisis in Ethiopia and its implications for the Horn of Africa. Retrieved from https://theconversation.com/the-crisis-in-ethiopia-and-its-implications-for-the-horn-of-africa-149151.
Reducing Disaster Risk, A Challenge for Development | United Nations Development Programme. (n.d.). UNDP. https://www.undp.org/publications/reducing-disaster-risk-challenge-development
United Nations. (2021). UN chief hails Ethiopia's commitment to political reforms. Retrieved from https://news.un.org/en/story/2021/03/1087002
The Middle East’s complicated engagement in the Horn of Africa. (n.d.). United States Institute of Peace. https://www.usip.org/publications/2020/01/middle-easts-complicated-engagement-horn-africa
World Bank. (2021). Ethiopia Economic Update: Managing Transition. Retrieved from https://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/en/672121619537898959/pdf/Eighth-Ethiopia-Economic-Update-Ensuring-Resilient-Recovery-from-COVID-19.pdf
Conflict in Ethiopia | Global Conflict Tracker. (n.d.). Global Conflict Tracker. https://www.cfr.org/global-conflict-tracker/conflict/conflict-ethiopia
Also Available On
Note: Third-party indexing sometime takes time. Please wait one week or two for indexing.
How to Cite
Authors contributing to this journal retain the copyright of their articles but agree to publish their articles under the terms of the Creative Commons CC-BY 4.0 License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, and to remix, transform, and build upon the material, for any purpose, even commercially, under the condition that appropriate credit is given, that a link to the license is provided, and that they indicate if changes were made. They may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses them or their use.